many people lying on the ground pretending to be dead around a large dinosaur skeleton

Environment and climate action

With Queenslanders experiencing the effects of climate change firsthand, the State has witnessed growing individual and collective demand to address the climate emergency. At the same time, the link between climate change and human impact on our environment is becoming increasingly clear.

Yet, from a historical perspective, understanding the need to protect and conserve our environment is not new to Queenslanders.

Perishing in paradise – Australia's first bird species extinction

In 1922, Gayndah amateur naturalist, Cyril Jerrard, documented and photographed a pair of the exquisite, but now extinct, Paradise Parrot. Describing the parrot to The Nature Photographic Society as ‘perhaps at once the rarest [and] the most beautiful parrot in Australia’, Jerrard’s reasons for its decline were prescient and clear.

Two years after his first sighting of these enchanting birds he had written, ‘Directly by our avarice and thoughtlessness, and indirectly by our disturbance of the balance so nicely preserved by nature, we are undoubtedly accountable for the tragedy of this bird’.

A century later, twenty- seven bird species are now extinct, seventeen further species are listed as critically endangered, and Australia is now a global leader in wildlife extinctions.

an image of an extinct parrot on a rock next to a paper from an ecological society

H50676 - Cyril Jerrard’s original handwritten submission to The Nature Photographic Society 1930. Image: Queensland Museum, Peter Waddington.

image of a Kodak Pony Premo Folding Pocket Camera

H50654 - Cyril Jerrard’s Kodak Pony Premo No. 4 Folding Pocket Camera- most notably used by him to photograph the Paradise Parrot at one of his first sighting of the bird in 1922. His last reported sighting of the parrot was to amateur ornithologist and nature writer, Alec Chisholm, in 1927. Image: Queensland Museum, Peter Waddington.

Goodbye Blinky Bill?

What may have been Australia’s first citizen-led conservation movement, provoked a public outcry following the 1927 declaration by the Queensland Government of ‘open season’ on koalas. During ‘Black August’, as it became known, over 600,000 koala pelts were collected, however it is believed that the real count may have exceeded 800,000.

the front cover of The Queenslander newspaper

Cover illustration, The Queenslander, September 1927 – the month following the devastating ‘Black August’ killing of up to 800,000 koalas in Queensland. Image: State Library of Queensland.

black and white image of a Winchester Model 1892 25.20 Lever Action Rifle

H49822 - A grisly reminder of the earlier massacres, this Winchester Model 1892 25.20 Lever Action Rifle was used to kill koalas in Central Queensland.  This rare gun has had the barrel replaced, indicating heavy use. It was known that this type of gun was effective in killing koalas without damaging their skins. Image: Queensland Museum.

Saving the Reef

The world's most extensive coral reef system, the Great Barrier Reef extends approximately 2300 km along the coast of eastern Australia from the Gulf of Papua and the Torres Strait to islands off southern Queensland. Recognised as a wonder of the modern world and an important World Heritage site, the Great Barrier Reef is one of Australia's best known and most iconic natural environments.

Pioneering scientific research and exploration of the Great Barrier Reef by marine biologist, William Saville-Kent from 1889-1892, followed by the Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29, led by Charles M Yonge, paved the way to a new understanding of the reef’s delicate ecology and to growing awareness of the need to educate and to conserve the reef for future generations.

a balck and white image of a man in a safari hat photographing coral and sea cucumbers

William Saville-Kent photographing sea cucumbers (beche-de-mer) in tubs of seawater on the Great Barrier Reef, 1893. Image: Queensland Museum, Gary Cranitch.

These pivotal events, among many others, led to the establishment of many environmental organisations, such as the Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland (1962), Queensland Conservation Council (1969), Fraser Island Defenders Organisation (1971), Friends of the Earth Queensland (1974), the ‘Anti-Nuclear/Stop Uranium’ campaigns of the early 1980s, the Daintree Blockade (1983), and the ‘Save the Reef’ campaign.

black text on a red background reading SAVE THE BARRIER REEF

From Queensland Museum’s collections - ‘Save the Barrier Reef’ sticker, protest material. Image: Queensland Museum, Peter Waddington.

The climate is changing

As science has progressively shown, environment and climate change are inextricably linked.

Recently, growing recognition of the relationship between anthropogenic (human) influence on our environment and intensifying climate change has seen the coming-together of earlier environmental and conservation movements with climate change protest and activism.

Three groups, in particular – Youth Strike 4 Climate (YS4C), Extinction Rebellion (XR), and the Stop Adani! campaign have dominated the news.

Cartoon featuring drawn students calling for climate justice yesterday
a poster including a drawing of the globe scared looking eyes and the text "It's getting hot in here"

Protest posters made by students, Elodie Casey, Aditi Bennett and Linnea Johanson were among those collected at the first School Strike 4 Climate march, Brisbane 15 March 2019. Image: Queensland Museum, Peter Waddington.

Youth Strike 4 Climate (YS4C)
The rights of children are often overlooked in debates over climate change and what this means for the future of our planet.

On 15 March 2019, inspired by the international movement, School Strike 4 Climate, instigated by Swedish student, Greta Thunberg, more than 150,000 schoolchildren and adult supporters in over sixty cities throughout Australia took part in an historic nationwide strike and march.

Worldwide, children from more than a hundred countries demanded action by Government and politicians to prevent further climate change.

Extinction Rebellion
Abbreviated as XR, Extinction Rebellion is a socio-political movement that uses nonviolent action to protest climate breakdown, biodiversity loss, and the risk of human extinction and ecological collapse.

Drawing on the simplicity of previous iconic symbols – think, 1960s symbols for peace and nuclear disarmament – the Extinction Rebellion symbol features a stylised hourglass, representing time running out, surrounded by a circle, symbolising the earth.

a poster from the group Extinction Rebellion: text reads NONVIOLENCE and includes a logo of a simplified hourglass encased in a circle

Poster by Extinction Rebellion Australia, distributed at the Global Climate Strike at Strand Park, Townsville, 20 September 2019. Image: Queensland Museum.

many pairs of shoes lined up in a city square behind colour extinction rebellion flags

Hundreds of pairs of shoes laid out in King George Square, Brisbane, by Extinction Rebellion protesters represent 'the vast number of children who will face the disastrous outcomes of an inhospitable planet.' Image: Rae Sheridan.

Dying for change
In May 2019, Extinction Rebellion staged a ‘die-in’ event in Queensland Museum’s ‘Lost Creatures’ gallery. Hundreds of peaceful protesters, many dressed as endangered animals, lay on the gallery floor, surrounded by fossils and a reconstructed Muttaburrasaurus. The symbolic act sought to draw attention to increased species extinction and to the possible extinction of human life due to climate change.

The event was held simultaneously in countries around the world, including, New Zealand, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Italy, The Netherlands and Britain. As protesters lay across the ground in museums, at transport hubs, cultural centres and shopping centres, they held banners and posters and messages to demand action to prevent catastrophic climate change.

many people lying on the ground pretending to be dead around a large dinosaur skeleton

Extinction Rebellion protesters in Queensland Museum’s ‘Lost Creatures’ gallery, May 2019. Image: Queensland Museum, Jim Grayson. 

Yellow flag with extinction rebellion logo

ID387722 - This handmade protest flag featuring the Extinction Rebellion symbol was donated by a protestor and collected by museum staff attending the ‘die-in’. Image: Queensland Museum, Judith Hickson.

Aside from the pandemic, nothing has dominated recent political debates in Australia like climate change and the place of coal in our economic and environmental future.

The #Stop Adani campaign is perhaps the most recognisable and well-known of anti-coal mining movement. Located on the traditional lands of the Wangan and Jagalingou people, the Adani Carmichael coal mine has galvanised opposition from Greens’ members and supporters, Indigenous landowners, conservation organisations, environmental scientists, and citizen activists alike.

A poster with #stop Adani in a red stop sign with the words "Let's move Australia beyond coal" underneath

Corflute poster produced by Friends of the Earth for the #Stop Adani campaign. Image: Queensland Museum, Judith Hickson.

T-shirt and hand-made flag by  the Wangan and Jagalingou peoples protesting adani

H50976 and H50979 - T-shirt and hand-made flag produced by Traditional owners, the Wangan and Jagalingou peoples, to protest Adani Carmichael mine development. Image: Queensland Museum.

Bushfire Brandalism and Australia's Black Summer

With the COVID-19 pandemic at the forefront of the news and minds of most Australians, it can be easy to forget that only three years ago, Australia was dealing with one of the deadliest bushfire seasons in Australian history. A collection of 41 posters in the Queensland Museum collection records the public response to the 2019-2020 Bushfire Emergency.

The 2019-2020 bushfire season, known as Australia’s Black Summer, had a catastrophic effect on the residents, primary producers and unique ecosystems of Queensland, with more than 7 million hectares burnt across the state. As homes and livelihoods were lost, communities called for decisive climate action and government accountability.

In February 2020, under the banner, ‘Bushfire Brandalism’, a collective of 41 Australian artists replaced 78 advertising posters across Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne with satirical posters speaking to the Australian government’s inaction on climate change. The artists, some of whom chose to remain anonymous, wore high visibility vests printed with JCDecaux branding which allowed them to operate in plain sight at local bus stops and other outdoor advertising spaces.

Representing a significant acquisition for Queensland Museum’s social history collection, this collection of posters documents a critical moment in our nation’s environmental and climate history.

Poster with fire fighters standing in front of bushfire with the words "the front line has been crossed"
A poster featuring Australia burning and a city underwater with the words "climate is changing"

Posters from the Bushfire Brandalism collection. H50120 - 'The Front Line has been Crossed', artist: Anonymous. H50147 - 'Climate is Changing, artist: Mike Makatron. Images: Queensland Museum, Peter Waddington.

Farmers for Climate Action

In a recent State of the Environment Report, a group of independent Australian scientists found that intensified agricultural and grazing practices have contributed significantly to land degradation and to increasing greenhouse gas emissions. Rising temperatures and reduced rainfall are adding to the stresses already affecting farmers and graziers across Australia.

‘Farmers for Climate Action’ (FCA is the only farmer-led organisation focused solely on climate change, supporting farmers to take action on climate change ‘both behind and beyond the farm gate’.

Dissatisfied with long-term political inaction, farmers have taken up the issue of climate change and are exerting pressure on governments through collective action. Their primary focus is to influence economic and climate-related policy to mitigate the impact of climate change on rural communities.

As a form of communication, whether produced as art or for activism, posters have the capacity to capture attention, to disrupt and surprise, to provoke thought and action. This poster and others like it in the Museum’s social history collection encourage viewers to reflect on, to engage critically with and to spark discussion and debate on past and future effects of climate change on the natural environment.

Poster with the words I'm a grazier for climate action with a farmers for climate action group logo

H51103 - Collected in situ from a cattle station in far-west Queensland, this poster was designed and produced for Farmers for Climate Action and is one of the visible ways that a growing number of farmers are using to spread their message on the need for community and government action on climate action. Image: Queensland Museum.

Into the future...

As one of the most environmentally and biologically diverse environments in the world, Queensland is particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts. Rising sea levels, more frequent heatwaves, and increasing numbers of intense rainfall events are just some of the threats that are becoming increasingly apparent.

In continuing to collect and preserve the objects and stories during this profoundly challenging time, we hope to play our part in helping shape and support a fair and sustainable future for all.

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